Is the “American Community Survey” letter a scam or legit?


To claim:

A letter bearing the US Census Bureau logo describes an “American community survey” and directs users to


In November 2022, we received an email from a reader regarding a letter received in the mail from the US Postal Service. The reader asked if the letter about an “US community survey” that featured the US Census Bureau logo was a scam or legit. In truth, it was legitimate US government correspondence.

“Your address was randomly selected by the US Census Bureau to participate in the American Community Survey,” the legitimate letter began. “The Census Bureau conducts this survey every year to give our country an up-to-date picture of how we live — including our housing, education, and jobs.”

According to the letter, responses to the “American Community Survey” help communities decide where important services are needed, including improving roads and reducing traffic, building schools and planning for water needs. elderly health care. It was signed by Census Bureau Director Robert Santos.

The letter instructed recipients to visit, which is a page on the official Census Bureau website. A “User ID” was provided to login.

“Your response is required by US law,” the letter read in large bold type. It was true, as the Census Bureau once noted on a frequently asked questions page.

“We are conducting this investigation under the authority of Title 13, U.S. Code, Sections 141 and 193,” the letter read. “Title 13, Section 221, as amended by Title 18, imposes a penalty for non-response.”

According to the Legal Information Institute at Cornell Law School, the penalty for not responding to the survey cannot exceed $100. However, a fine of up to $500 could be imposed for submitting answers containing false information.

In 2014, PolitiFact reported that a fine of up to $5,000 was also a possibility, according to the US Government Publishing Office. At the same time, PolitiFact noted that as of the year it published its story, there was no record of anyone being fined for not participating in the investigation.

We contacted the Census Bureau with several questions, including asking if anyone had ever been fined or jailed for failing to complete the survey. This story will be updated if we receive a response.


“13 US Code § 221 – Refusal or neglect to answer questions; false answers.” LII / Institute of Legal InformationCornell Law School,

“FAQ: Should I complete the American Community Survey (ACS)?” United States Census Bureau

Selby, W. Gardner. “PolitiFact – Americans must respond to US Census Bureau investigation by law, though agency hasn’t prosecuted since 1970.” PolitiFactJanuary 9, 2014,

The American Community Survey and the 2020 Census. United States Census Bureau, 2020,

“USC Title 18 – CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE.” GovInfo.gov2010,

“Throwback machine.” Internet Archive

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