The Latin American community of Canada is growing and universities must improve teaching in the region-Brightter World
The Canada Latin community is growing quickly. This reports a greater need for Latin studies in Canadian universities. (Shutterstock)
By Rodrigo Narro Pérez, Shanti Morell-Hart and Stacy A. Castro Creech
Last October marked the fourth annual month of Latin American heritage in Canada. The month recognizes the social, economic and political contributions of the Latinx in Canada and the vast demographic changes in progress.
Data from a recent census show that the number of people identifying themselves as Latinx in Canada increases rapidly. In British Columbia, the number of Latinx has increased by almost 50 % since the 2016 census. In cities like Hamilton, Ontario. The Latin diaspora is one of the fastest growth groups of immigrants.
These results report a greater need for Latin studies in Canadian universities. At McMaster University, we introduced an interdisciplinary minor in Latin American and Latin studies to offer new perspectives and perspectives on the peoples of the region.
While the Latin and Latin American communities continue to grow, universities must improve the way they teach Latin America and Latin communities in Canada.
Students wish to know more about Latin America in a non -extractive and interdisciplinary manner which examines the material stories of colonialism and their influence on contemporary experiences.
As Lorgia García Peña, a specialist in ethnic studies, declares Latin studies can help decolonize how we teach the world to students. The field also uses interdisciplinary approaches to examine stories, geographies, migration models and breed intersections which inform the various experiences of Latin American and Latin American peoples who live outside their country of origin.
Understanding diasporical communities
The Latin American population in Canada is a relatively recent immigrant community compared to the United States communities. However, it is essential to understand how under-representation and inequalities affect communities in Canada.
Toronto’s public health found that members of the Latin community were seven times more likely to contract COVID-19 than white Toronto.
In the field of education, research carried out in 2008 has shown that Latin American and Latin American students were facing obstacles to the diploma at the Toronto District School Board. More recently, a 2021 report of the Peel District School Board showed that Latin American and Latin American students, as well as black and Aboriginal students, were two to five times less likely to graduate within five years, Compared to the average pupil of peel. In addition, black, Latinox and Latin American students were under-represented in applied level courses.
Systemic secondary problems have been shown to have repercussions on post -secondary education. Some Canadian universities have tried to solve this problem by creating programs and routes to correct the sub-statement of Latin American students. The University of Toronto, Western University and McMaster University have all developed programs in response to this crisis of representation and visibility.
Increase equity, diversity and inclusion
In recent years, we have seen many commitments made in favor of equity, diversity and inclusion, with more or less success. As this work develops in many universities, Latin and Latin American studies can play a key role in the research and teaching of EDI.
In McMaster, our new minor program connects students and academics with various links with Latin America through research and teaching, in the Faculties of Human Sciences, Sciences and Social Sciences. By offering valuable global perspectives from different branches of knowledge, areas such as Latin and Latin American studies can help to question the stories and colonial stories.
In our own interdisciplinary research, we focused on understanding climate change in South America, incorporating the perspectives of black and racialized peoples, medicinal practice in ancient communities, kitchens and eating habits and human relations- environment.
Thanks to our work and that of other researchers, we find many synergies between black, indigenous and Latin studies. These links have emerged from common colonial history and lived realities of different communities and groups in Latin America.
This region – which includes North, central and southern America, as well as the Caribbean – is populated by around 150 million people of black and African ancestry. It is also populated by more than 58 million natives belonging to at least 829 different nations and communities. While these peoples continue to establish diasporas in Canada, it is increasingly necessary to center stories, speeches and research on important subjects such as race, racialization and ethnicity.
Teaching and research are enriched and improved when Latin and Latin American studies establish links with other groups in search of equity. Domains like Latinx and Latin American studies are as significant as it is essential. As García Peña notes, these fields can be:
“A critical and anti -colonial site for production, learning and teaching. Thus, it offers students, teachers and communities from which they come an intellectual home as well as a link with the historical and social events that shape these community experiences: colonialism, wars, migrations and social movements. »
It is imperative that this interdisciplinary work continues to grow, because it contributes to a fairer world by teaching, scholarship, awareness of the community and support for students.
Rodrigo Narro Pérez, postdoctoral scholarship holder, Faculty of Sciences and Office of the Vice-Rector (Teaching and Apprenticeship), McMaster University; Shanti Morell-Hart, Deputy Professor of Anthropology; co-president of the faculty, interdisciplinary minor in Latin American and Latin studies, McMaster University, and Stacy A. Creech de Castro, doctoral candidate, lecturer, English and cultural department of studies; Part -time instructor, Intersession Learning, McMaster University
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