Who are we? | Richmond Free Press

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The 2020 U.S. Census came as no surprise when it confirmed what everyone can see with their own eyes: Richmond’s population is on the rise.

Richmond’s population has jumped 11% to 226,610 men, women and children in the past 10 years, according to census results released on August 12, the biggest increase in at least four decades.

But there has been a surprising change in the breed information. These data showed a continuing decline in the number of people in the city identifying themselves only as black. Although Richmond remains a majority minority city, only 40 percent of those who took part in the count self-identified as black, the smallest percentage in at least half a century. This is a big change from the 2000 census where 57 percent of the population self-identified as black and in 2010 when 50 percent did.

Based on the new data, only 90,644 people identified as black, up from around 103,000 in 2010 and 113,000 in 2000.

In contrast, those who identify as white increased by around 2%. In 2010, around 83,000 people identified as white, or around 41% of the population. In the 2020 census, about 43% of residents identified as white, or 97,442 people.

People who identify as white outnumber those who identify as black for the first time since 1970, when Richmond’s annexation of part of Chesterfield County prevented the city from having a black majority .

However, another set of data suggests that it’s self-identification that has changed. A record number of city residents self-identified as multiracial or checked “other” on the census form, as was the case across the state and country.

In Richmond, nearly 31,000 people identified as multiracial or other race, which is almost triple in 2020 when only about 12,000 residents checked either multiracial or otherwise to answer the race question.

This too is a big change for a city and state that has long counted people as black if they had any relationship with someone who is black, the so-called “one drop” rule.

Based on the data, more people appear to have chosen to provide a more nuanced representation of their race after the Census Bureau provided more options.

Another startling statistic is the growth of those who identify as Hispanic or Latino. In 2020, nearly 24,000 people included this ethnic identifier in their census response, nearly double the 12,803 city residents who did so in 2010 and nearly five times the 5,074 people who did so in 2010. ‘did in 2000. People who identify as Hispanic or Latino make up 10.5% of the city’s current population. Their numbers have contributed to about half of the city’s population growth over the past 10 years. The current percentage represents a significant jump from 2000, when only 2.6 percent of the city’s residents included this ethnic identification in their response.

Those who identify as Hispanic or Latino also make up about 10.5% of Virginia’s total population.

Another surprise is that the Richmond did not reach the level of 230,000 inhabitants as expected. State and federal demographers released pre-census estimates last year suggesting the city’s population was around 230,000.

The official tally said Richmond added 22,396 people as of 2010 when 204,214 people were counted. The new total of 226,610 is about 4,000 people lower than the estimates Richmond adopted in its planning documents.

The official tally is important because it is used to determine the distribution of the trillion dollars in federal grants and payments for a wide range of programs and to redraw the electoral district boundaries for the United States House of Representatives and the Senate and the State House of Delegates and for local elective offices.

It remains to be seen to what extent demographic change will affect the redistribution of electoral districts by city council in Richmond.

Richmond, however, has grown faster than Henrico County, which gained just 6% of its population to 334,389, up 27,454 from 2010.

The city’s pace, however, was slower than that of Chesterfield County, whose population jumped 15.2% to 364.48 people, up 48,312 from 2010. For both counties, the growth percentages were the lowest in 40 years.

The two neighboring counties have become more diverse, especially in Henrico County. According to the census, only 51% of the population identified as non-Hispanic white, possibly the lowest percentage of white people since the post-Civil War era.

Almost 30% of the population of Henrico identify as black, almost 10% as Asian and 10.2% identify as mixed race or other.

In Chesterfield, only about 59% of census participants identified themselves as white. Meanwhile, nearly 23 percent of the population have identified themselves as black, the highest percentage since at least 1900. The remaining 18 percent are made up of people of color, those who identify as Asian, multiracial or otherwise. .

Statewide, the population grew 7.9% to 8.6 million. Despite the increase, Virginia’s population growth was also the weakest since at least 1980. The reduction in growth reflects separate data showing that women in Virginia are having fewer children and that out-migration from the state continues to overtake migration.

While statewide the majority of people still identify as white, census data shows for the first time that the majority of people under the age of 18 are black, Asians, and people who identify as multiracial or others – a clear sign that predicts that this majority -The minority future of the country is about to become reality.

Most of Virginia’s population growth has taken place in the suburbs and towns of central and northern Virginia. Surprisingly enough, the seven towns of Hampton Roads gained only 50,000 residents, with most of that growth being in Chesapeake, Suffolk and Virginia Beach. Four of the towns, Hampton, Newport News, Norfolk and Portsmouth, collectively recorded roughly the same number of people as in the 2010 census.

Overall, 62 of the state’s 133 counties and towns have lost population, with most of the population decline occurring in the counties and towns across the coal country of southwest Virginia and the cotton, tobacco and peanut growing communities of Southside Virginia, south of the majority. -Petersburg black.

In contrast, Petersburg was one of 71 cities and counties that have grown in population over the past decade, another sign that the community has started to recover.

Ten of the 15 communities with the largest percentage gains are located north of Richmond.

Loudoun County took the top spot in terms of population growth with a whopping 35% increase to almost 421,000 residents. Other big winners among places that already had over 100,000 residents included majority minority Prince William County and increasingly diverse Stafford County.

4 takeaways from the U.S. census

WHITE POPULATION FALLING FOR THE FIRST TIME

An American workforce has been conducted every decade since 1790, and this was the first in which the non-Hispanic white population nationwide has declined from 196 million in 2010 to 191 million in 2020.

The data also showed that the share of the white population fell from 63.7% in 2010 to 57.8% in 2020, the lowest on record, although whites continue to be the most racial or ethnic group. widespread.

Some demographers have warned that the white population is not shrinking as much as moving to multiracial identities. The number of people who identified themselves as two or more races has more than tripled from 9 million people in 2010 to 33.8 million in 2020. They now represent 10 percent of the US population.

People who identify as a race other than Whites, Blacks, Asians, Native Americans, Native Hawaiians, or Pacific Islanders – alone or in combination with one of these races – jumped to 49.9 million people, surpassing the black population of 46.9 million as the nation’s second-largest racial group, according to the Census Bureau.

HISPANIC AND ASIAN GROWTH ON THE RISE

The country’s 7.4 percent growth rate over the decade, the weakest since the Great Depression, was largely propelled by a Hispanic boom. The Hispanic population has grown almost 25 percent over the decade. By comparison, the non-Hispanic growth rate was 4.3 percent.

Hispanics made up 62.1 million people in 2020, or 18.7% of the US population, up from 16.3% in 2010. The most Hispanic growth occurred in Florida, Texas, New York, in Illinois and California.

Meanwhile, Asia’s growth has jumped by more than a third over the decade, reaching 24 million people in 2020.

THE UNITED STATES BECOMES MORE URBAN

Almost all of the growth of the past 10 years has occurred in metropolitan areas. More people in smaller counties have moved to larger counties. About 80 percent of metropolitan areas have seen their populations increase, while less than half of small so-called micropolitan areas have.

Phoenix was the fastest growing city among the top 10 cities in the country. It went from sixth to fifth, swapping places with Philadelphia, which is now the sixth largest city in the country.

DROP IN CHILDREN; ADULTS TAKE A BIGGER SHARE

The share of children in the United States has declined due to declining birth rates, while it has increased for adults, driven by aging baby boomers. Adults over 18 made up more than three-quarters of the population in 2020, or 258.3 million people, an increase of more than 10% from 2010.

However, the population of children under 18 fell from 74.2 million in 2010 to 73.1 million in 2020, a decrease of 1.4%. Nationally, children under 18 now make up around 22% of the population, but this varies by region. The northeast had the lowest proportion of people under the age of 18, around 20 percent, while the south had the largest at 22.5 percent.

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